Graph, November 7/8, 2014, The Australian - Natasha Robinson, Andrew Burrell

Graph, November 7/8, 2014, The Australian – Natasha Robinson, Andrew Burrell

There are fundamental risk factors that lead to suicidal ideation, and there are also many risk factors which are not fundamental or across the board. However, in terms of understanding and responding to suicidal behaviour we must remove the taboos, the stigma, the shame, the whole guilt business and we must reduce the silences around suicidal behaviour.

Stigma comes in a number of ways – most destructively as shame; and reduces contact between support people and the vulnerable individual. But another form of stigma is the stigma where for instance suicide is seen as normal – normalised – accepted as matter of fact in some communities as inevitable and inherently as a ‘solution’ to crisis and adversity, or in the very least as circumstantially unavoidable. People need people – foremost we must work to this most obvious premise. Suicide, as common as it is as a leading cause of violent death, can never and should never be allowed to be perceived as an ‘acceptable’ response to crisis and adversity.

In many communities where the descendants of the First Peoples of this continent have been marginalised and isolated in impoverishment and various identity crises, indeed suicide as a response to crisis and adversity is viewed by many as ‘normalised’. In my travels throughout this continent, from community to community, far too many have said, “suicide takes our young” as if it is unavoidable. Whole communities have premature, unnatural deaths and suicides as part of everyday living – “it is our lot in this life”. “We suffer for what was done to us by the oppressor.” This form of stigma has a volatile contagion effect, where a people’s whole identity is infected by layers of implicit self-blame, implicit questions about their worth, explicit views that their identity carries liability.

This is a perniciously endemic problem not resigned to Australia’s First Peoples alone but a catastrophe globally among the descendants of First Peoples in middle to high income nations with colonial oppressor histories. From the shanty towns of the Australian continent, to the Amazonian basin to the Lakota reserves, the descendants of the First Peoples live as minorities discriminated against on a daily basis. This type of stigma has a systematically destructive effect on the descendants of First Peoples. The only way out for far too many of them is to effectively deny their historical identities and ‘assimilate’ singularly with the ‘oppressor’. This often means a disconnection with many of their own immediate relatives who maintain high cultural content levels, who resist assimilation. Not only do we have a clash of two cultural settings in middle and high income nations with colonial oppressor histories but we also have an intra-cultural clash of those who fight “tall and proud” to retain their right to their historical identity with those among them who decide to put it behind them. These divides – the clash of two cultural settings and the intra-cultural divisions are both hurtful experiences, and have direct influence on identity crises – culminating for far too many in depressions, self-harms and suicidal behaviour. It appears to far too many who desire the natural right to unfold their way through the various settings, to determine who they are and how they want to live, to be free of judgments that lead to the cruelties of racism, prejudices, biases against them – that the oppressor is always winning.

National conversations can make the real difference.

Much is suggested about ‘responsible’ media reporting. There is an argument for the media to not ‘sensationalise’, ‘glorify’ suicide and to be careful about the reporting in regards to ‘copycat suicides’. There is pressure on the media to not report by what means suicides occurred – whether by hanging, poisoning, firearm, etc. There is obvious merit in all this but the media is vitally important, and thus far has been underutilised, in suicide prevention. It is more important to reduce the will to suicide than to worry about the means someone facilitates suicide. We need sustained discussions in understanding suicidal behaviour – especially with causality – if we are to reduce the leading cause of violent deaths in our world. Only the social reach of the media can adequately achieve this.

The media needs to publish disaggregated statistics on violent deaths – and realise that suicide is the leading cause of violent deaths. This will surprise the majority. Hence, we can culturally shift pressure on our governments to prioritise suicide prevention. These are the most responsible media practices we can have at this time rather than the current focus to minimise facts about what is occurring.

The media is the most powerful tool capable of raising awareness about mental health, substance abuse disorders and of suicide. We have to move away from the thus far portrayed stigma of suicidal behaviours and of suicide and instead understand causality, more so than obsess with impacts. We need to reduce blame and aspersion. If we do this then we work our way to humaneness, humanity and move away from isolationist attitudes and excessive self-interest responses. Taboos and stigma fork to inhumanity. There is no greater legacy we can have than to help one another. In doing this we bond people with humanity, rather than the inhumanity we endure by isolation, disengagement and various inherent blame – we  have to do away with reductionist arguments of self-responsibility. The dumping on troubled and damaged people the self-responsibility mantras work only to isolate people and heighten depression, self-harm and suicide risk factors. It is up to all of us – to associate it, not to dissociate. The ultimately ‘up to them’ attitude is volatilely dangerous. People do not function as individual units but function with and alongside each other. This is social cohesion. Patience and love are above all else.

We need to understand the cause of suicide risk factors, because they do not exist fundamentally across cultures or throughout history. We have to compare and understand why life stresses in one cultural setting can culminate in high rates of depressions, self-harms and suicidal behaviours but in other cultural settings these same life stresses do not lead to any risk factors predisposing depressions, self-harms an suicidal behaviours.

We need to understand why the world’s descendants of First Peoples in nations with colonial oppressor histories are being hit with the world’s highest rates of depressions, self-harms and suicidal behaviour. We have to understand this tragic phenomena in terms of interrelationships with the ‘oppressor’ impost, within the proposition of discrimination, within the understanding that the descendants of many of the world’s First Peoples in nations with colonial oppressor histories have been transformed to minorities – hence enduring ‘voicelessness’, ‘diminution’, ‘mobbing’ and in enduring psychosocial, psychological and emotional beatings and abuse that have made their historical and contemporary identities a liability – racialised. As long as racism is played down then discrimination is fuelled. Whenever this occurs, the abuses increase – emotional stresses and trauma trigger culminations such as depressions and suicidal behaviour.

We have to break the isolation that far too many endure, we have to reconnect people, and though this can be done over time at the coalface – community by community – the media can play the most powerful hand of all.

 

Lifeline’s 24-hour hotline, 13 11 14
Crisis Support and Suicide Prevention

Beyond Blue – 1300 22 4636

 

Other reading:

Suicide is heading to a humanitarian crisis – it is a leading cause of death | The Stringer

Suicides are preventable – here is what we must begin to do | The Stringer

The extensiveness of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander suicides – 1 in 20 | The Stringer

Preventing suicide – “no greater legacy” | The Stringer

Understanding Australia’s suicide crises

Suicides, high among overseas born and second generation Australians

Child suicidal ideation on the increase

It is racism killing our people – suicides born of racism

Kimberley suicide rate – one of the world’s highest – Yiriman is the way to go

My Country – But look how I am forced to live

What will it take to end Aboriginal disadvantage, the inequalities and the various crises?

What sort of Australia is this? Seven homeless children in an asbestos slum

Six homeless children fighting for a better tomorrow

Quality of life for Australians 2nd only to Norway but for Aboriginal Peoples 122nd

Dumbartung convenes suicide crisis summit

Suicide attempts among women on the rise

Australia’s Aboriginal children detained at the world’s highest rates

Culture should not be denied – change needs unfolding, not impost

Everyone in the Territory doing well, except for Aboriginal Peoples

Australia’s Aboriginal children, the world’s highest suicide rate

Wes Morris slams government suicide prevention programs

How many more suicides will it take? How many more deaths?

Hopelessness in suicide riddled communities

More government neglect of Aboriginal children

In identity lay the answers – ATSI suicides

$25.4 billion spent on Aboriginal disadvantage is a lie

Beagle Bay to State Parliament – Farrer speaks out on suicides

Government to address Aboriginal suicides

Empowerment

996 Aboriginal deaths by suicide – another shameful Australian record

996 deaths by suicide – one in 24 die by suicide

Australia’s Aboriginal suicide epidemic – whose child will be the next to die?

77 Aboriginal suicides in South Australia alone

Kimberley’s Aboriginal peoples old at 45 years

Australia, the mother of all jailers of Aboriginal people

Close the gap failed

Despite what’s being reported, life expectancy not improving for ATSI peoples – 1 in 3 dead by 45 years of age

Tumult of death – 400 suicides in last three years

30 suicides in the last three months as we wait for promises to be kept

Suicide crisis – genocidal numbers

Suicide crisis – from tragic to catastrophic

Suicide crisis needs real funding and actions

Hundreds more will suicide if we wait for 2015

Nothing will be done about suicides crisis

Scullion bent on saving lives

Elders across Australia say governments need to listen to them on how to address youth suicide

Suicides – western society and ancient cultures clash

If we are serious about suicide prevention

Australia’s suicide crisis should not be played down – the media must highlight it

From my father’s death bed to the must-do to end the suicides

Governments promise on ending suicides must come good now

More confirmation of what everyone knows, was suicide prevention inadequate

The must-do need to listen and trust if suicides crisis is to end

Working together – mental health and suicide prevention roundtable

Break the taboo around suicides, we reduce suicides

Suicide crises born of Australia’s inhumanity

Suicides – children

Suicides crisis linked to incarceration

Wes Morris urges funding for cultural methodologies

The betrayal of our children – the Northern Territory

New project offers hope to reduce Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander suicides

Depression and suicide prevention must be top of the agenda this century

World Suicide Prevention Day – suicide takes more lives than war

Western Australia – 1 in 13 in a jail, a bullshit state of affairs

Forgotten children of the promised land – the fight to save rural Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities

Yiriman saving lives in the midst of the Kimberley’s suicide crises

Healing Halls Creek

The smaller a community, the less likely a suicide

Overcoming disadvantage report shows disadvantage not overcome

600 Black deaths in custody by 2025 – jail numbers to soar

Get out of the way – Aboriginal suicide rates will drop

A nation shamed when the solution for its children is homelessness

Christmas, a period of vulnerability for many

Stop peddling lies $30 billion spent on Indigenous disadvantage is a lie

To end our trauma government must stop the assault on our people and our culture

In Australia there is the Aboriginal rights struggle

Kirstie Parker, Mick Gooda say enough of fine words – close the gap a big fat lie

Highest child removal rates in the world worse than Stolen Generations

Other media:

A nation shamed when child sees suicide as the solution

Families urged to look after each other as suicide rates soar

Response to rash of suicides in remote WA regions

ABC 7:30 Report – Deaths in custody and jail rates

Radio:

Tiga Bayles and Gerry Georgatos discuss the suicide crises

The Wire – The suicide crisis

Unpaid fines leading Indigenous over representation